#EndSARS: Escalation of Threats Against Human Rights Activists
The Nigerian authorities have stepped up measures to clamp down on individuals, organizations and corporate bodies alleged to be the masterminds of the #EndSARS protests thereby putting Nigeria in Global Spotlight.
In a press statement released on 10th November, 2020 by the undersigned coalition of Civil Society Organizations working to promote democracy, human rights and accountable governance. They express grave concerns about the rise in the level of attacks targeted at human rights activists and pro-democracy campaigners especially since the start of the #EndSARS protests.
Despite the local and global condemnations, which have trailed the death of protesters as a result of extrajudicial killings by security forces and the activities of sponsored non-state elements, it is worrisome that there has been no remorse on the part of those perpetrating these atrocities. The Coalition is aware that the Nigerian authorities have stepped up measures to clamp down on individuals, organizations and corporate bodies alleged to be the masterminds of the protests.
For the avoidance of doubt, the Coalition is of the view that the #EndSARS protests, which gripped the country in the last few weeks, focused on the legitimate demands of the Nigerian youth for an end to police brutality and other dimensions of human rights abuses. Unfortunately, instead of focusing squarely on the necessary administrative reforms to meet the short and long term demands of the protesters, the authorities have begun resorting to underhand tactics to coerce and clamp down rights activists, pro-democracy campaigners and other voices of dissent calling for systemic reforms, which will promote good governance. This includes the government’s inaction in responding to the direct threats issued against human rights organizations by non-state elements with pro-government objectives. At the last count, this Coalition has documented several patently illegal steps taken by the government, which clearly infringe on the fundamental rights of citizens.
Increasingly, protest organizers are being intimidated and coerced by various state institutions. There have also been situations in which travel bans, which have no basis in the rule of law, have been slammed on individuals for their alleged roles in the #EndSARS protests.
The Coalition strongly condemns the resort to acts of intimidation, profiling and coercion of citizens who have done no wrong: “We have no doubt that the actions of the government constitute a serious attack on freedom of expression, which is a constitutionally guaranteed right of every Nigerian citizen. Specifically, Section 39(1) of Nigeria’s 1999 Constitution as amended makes it clear that every person “shall be entitled to freedom of expression, including the freedom to hold opinions and to receive and impart ideas and information without interference.” We make no mistake about the fact that the peaceful protests staged in recent weeks provided an opportunity for the young people of Nigeria to air their views and express their opinions about the state of the country. The government’s acts of clamping down on those who participated in or mobilized for the protests amount to a brazen violation of citizens fundamental rights as enshrined in the Constitution.”
It is similarly unacceptable that the Nigerian authorities have also been resorting to diversionary tactics such as targeting the bank accounts of individuals who are said to be financing the protests. It is on record that most of these punitive measures by the government are being effected without any exhaustive recourse to the judicial process. The reliance on ex parte applications to freeze accounts of citizens is antithetical to the principle of fair hearing and proper judicial oversight. This Coalition notes that in most of the cases the government has brought against citizens, it (the government) is clearly an interested party. It is unethical that the government is simultaneously taking up the roles of accuser, prosecution and judge in these cases. These underhand tactics run contrary to the principles of natural justice, which aver that an entity cannot be the judge in its own case. In the face of these attacks on freedom of expression, association and the intrinsic rights of citizens to get their voices heard, this Coalition calls on Nigerians to brace up for the struggles ahead.
The people of this country cannot afford to stand by and watch in the face of unconstitutional measures to silence their voices and abridge their rights as citizens. This Coalition for the umpteenth time calls on the international community to take urgent measures to pressure the Nigerian authorities to henceforth act in accordance to the rule of law by halting the ongoing unconstitutional assault on citizens’ rights.
- Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD)
- Enough is Enough (EIE) Nigeria
- Partners for Electoral Reform
- Civil Society Legislative Advocacy Centre (CISLAC)
- Resource Centre for Human Rights & Civic Education (CHRICED)
- Centre for Information, Technology and Development (CITAD)
- Yiaga Africa
- Global Rights
- Project Alert
- Women Advocates Research and Documentation Centre (WARDC)
- Paradigm Initiative (PIN)
- Rule of Law and Accountability Centre (RULAAC)
- HEDA Resource Centre
- African Centre for Media & Information Literacy (AFRICMIL)
- Community Life Project (CLP)
- Protest to Power
- Social Action
- Right to Know
- Lawyers Alert
- Private and Public Development Centre
- South Saharan Social Development Organisation
- Partners West Africa- Nigeria
- Centre LSD
- Connected Development (CODE)
- Stakeholders Development Network (SDN)
- CWCW Africa
- Peering Advocacy and Advancement Centre in Africa (PAACA)
- Invictus Africa
- Prisoners’ Rehabilitation and Welfare Action (PRAWA)
- Resource Centre for Human Rights (CHRICED)
- Reboot Design